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Assistant Research Scientist
   University of Michigan Transportation Research Institute


Visiting Post Doctoral Fellow
   National Institute of Child Health and Human Development
   National Institutes of Health


Research Interests:
   Human Factors of Driving, Driver Behavior and Training, Young Driver Safety, Passenger Influences, Driver Distraction, Hazard Perception, Driving Simulation, Eye-Tracking, Naturalistic Driving Studies


Journal Publications & Reports

·       Pradhan, A.K., Li, K., Bingham, C.R., Simons-Morton, B.G., Ouimet, M.C., Shope, J.T., (2014) Peer passenger influences on teen drivers’ visual scanning behavior during simulated driving. Journal of Adolescent Health, 54(5), S42–S49. doi:10.1016/j.jadohealth.2014.01.004

·       Simons-Morton, B. G., Guo, F., Klauer, S. G., Ehsani, J. P., & Pradhan, A. K. (2014). Keep your eyes on the road: young driver crash risk increases according to duration of distraction. The Journal of Adolescent Health : Official Publication of the Society for Adolescent Medicine, 54(5 Suppl), S61–7. doi:10.1016/j.jadohealth.2013.11.021

·       Falk, E. B., Cascio, C. N., Brook O’Donnell, M., Carp, J., Tinney, F. J., Bingham, C. R., Shope, J.T., Ouimet, M. C., Pradhan, A. K.,  Simons-Morton, B. G. (2014). Neural Responses to Exclusion Predict Susceptibility to Social Influence. Journal of Adolescent Health, 54(5), S22–S31. doi:10.1016/j.jadohealth.2013.12.035

·       Simons-Morton, Bingham, Falk, Li, Pradhan, Ouimet, Almani, Shope (2014) Experimental Effects of Injunctive Norms on Simulated Risky Driving Among Teenage Males, Health Psychology

·       Divekar, G., Pradhan, A. K., Masserang, K., Pollatsek, A., Fisher, D.L. (2013). A Simulator Evaluation of the Effects of Attention Maintenance Training on Glance Distributions of Younger Novice Drivers Inside and Outside the Vehicle, Transportation Research F: Traffic Psychology and Behaviour, 20, 154-169

·       Ouimet, M.C., Pradhan, A.K., Simons-Morton, B.G., Divekar, G., Mehranian, H., Fisher, D.L. (2013). The effect of male teenage passengers on male teenage drivers: Findings from a driving simulator study. Accident Analysis & Prevention, 58, 132-139

·       Simons-Morton, B., Bingham, R., Ouimet, M.C., Pradhan, A.K., Chen, R., Barretto, A., Shope, J., (2013) The Effect on Teenage Risky Driving of Feedback From a Safety Monitoring System: A Randomized Controlled Trial. Journal of Adolescent Health, 53 (1), 21-26

·       Taylor, T., Pradhan, A.K., Divekar, G., Mehranian, H., Romoser, M., Muttart, J., Pollatsek, A., Fisher, D. L. (2013). The View from the Road: The Contribution of On-Road Glance-Monitoring Technologies to Understanding Driver Behavior. Accident Analysis and Prevention, 58, 175-186

·       Divekar, G., Pradhan, A. K., Pollatsek, A., Fisher, D. L. (2012). Effect of External Distractions: Behavior and Vehicle Control of Novice and Experienced Drivers Evaluated.  Transportation Research Record, 2321, 1, 15-22

·       Pradhan, A.K., Divekar, G., Masserang, K., Romoser, M., Zafian, T., Blomberg, R.D., Thomas, F.D., Reagan, I., Knodler, M., Pollatsek, A., Fisher, D.L. (2011) The Effects of Focused Attention Training (FOCAL) on the Duration of Novice Drivers’ Glances Inside the Vehicle. Ergonomics, Vol 54; Issue 1; 917-931

·       Thomas, F.D., Pollatsek, A., Pradhan, A.K., Divekar, G.,Blomberg, R.D., Reagan, I, Fisher, D.L. (2011) Field and Simulator Evaluations of a PC-Based Attention Maintenance Training Program. Report DOT HS 811 469, NHTSA

·       Muttart, J.W., Hurwitz, D.S., Pradhan, A.K., Fisher, D.L., Knodler, M.A. (2011) Developing an Adaptive Warning System for Backing Crashes in Different Types of Backing Scenarios. Journal of Transportation Safety & Security; Vol 3; Issue 1; 38-58

·       Hurwitz, D.S., Pradhan, A.K., Fisher, D.L., Knodler, M.A., Muttart, J.W., Menon, R., Meissner, U. (2010) Backing Collisions: A Study of Drivers’ Eye and Backing Behavior Using Combined Rear-View Camera and Sensor Systems. Injury Prevention; 16; 79-84

·       Garay-Vega, L., Pradhan, A.K., Weinberg, G., Schmidt-Nielsen, B., Harsham, B., Shen, Y., Divekar, G., Romoser, M., Knodler, M., Fisher, D.L. (2010) Evaluation of Different Speech and Touch Interfaces to In-vehicle Music Retrieval Systems. Accident Analysis and Prevention 42 (2010) 913-920

·       Chan, E., Pradhan, A. K., Pollatsek, A., Knodler, M. A., Fisher, D. L. (2010) Are driving simulators effective tools for evaluating novice drivers’ hazard anticipation, speed management, and attention maintenance skills?  Transportation Research F, 13, 343–353      

·       Pradhan, A.K., Pollatsek, A., Knodler, M.A. and Fisher, D.L. (2009) Can Novice Drivers be Trained to Scan for Information Which Will Reduce Their Risk in Roadway Traffic Scenarios That are Hard to Identify as Hazardous? Ergonomics, 52:6, 657-673

·       Fisher, D. L., Pradhan, A. K., Pollatsek, A. and Knodler, M. A. (2007) Empirical Evaluation of Hazard Anticipation Behaviors in the Field and on Driving Simulator Using an Eye Tracker. Transportation Research Record, No. 2018, pp. 80-86.

·       Pollatsek, A., Fisher, D. L. and Pradhan A. K. (2006) Identifying and Remediating Failures of Selective Attention in Younger Drivers. Current Directions in Psychological Science. Volume 15. Number 5, 255-259

·       Pradhan, A. K., Fisher, D. L. and Pollatsek, A. (2006) Risk Perception Training for Novice Drivers: Evaluating Duration of Effects of Training on a Driving Simulator. Transportation Research Record, No. 1969, pp. 58-64

·       Fisher, D. L., Pollatsek, A. P. and Pradhan, A. (2006). Can novice drivers be trained to scan for information that will reduce their likelihood of a crash? Injury Prevention 2006;12(suppl_1):i25-i29

·       Pollatsek, A., Narayanaan, V., Pradhan, A. K. and Fisher, D. L. (2006). Using Eye Movements to Evaluate a PC-Based Risk Awareness and Perception Training Program on a Driving Simulator. Human Factors, Volume 48, Number 3, 447-464.

·       Pradhan, A. K., Hammel, K. R., DeRamus, R., Pollatsek, A., Noyce, D. A. and Fisher, D. L (2005). Using Eye Movements to Evaluate Effects of Driver Age on Risk Perception in a Driving Simulator. Human Factors, Volume 47, No 4, 840-852

·       Fisher, D. L., Upchurch, J., Pradhan, A.K., Mehranian, H., Romoser, M. (2004). Signing Two-Lane Freeway Exits with an Option Through Lane in Extreme Conditions: Anatomy of Drivers’ Behavior. Transportation Research Record, No. 1899, pp. 35-43.

 

Book Chapters

·       Pollatsek, A., Vlakveld, W., Kappé, B., Pradhan, A.K., Fisher, D.L. (2011) Driving Simulators as Training and Evaluation Tools: Novice Drivers. In Fisher, D.L., Rizzo, M., Caird, J., Lee, J.D.(Eds). Handbook of Driving Simulation for Engineering, Medicine, and Psychology. CRC Press

·       Pollatsek, A., Fisher, D. L., Pradhan, A. K., (2008) Using Eye Movements to Study and Improve Driving Safety. In K.Rayner, D. Shem, X. Bai, & G. Yan (Eds). Cognitive and Cultural Influences on Eye Movements. (pp.157-172). Tianjin People's Press/Psychology Press.

 

Conference Proceedings

·       Pradhan, A.K., Li, K., Ehsani, J., Ouimet, M.C., Klauer, S.G., Simons-Morton, B.G., (2013) Measuring Young Drivers’ Behaviors during Complex Driving Situations. International Driving Symposium on Human Factors in Driver Assessment, Training, and Vehicle Design

·       Simons-Morton, B.G., Li, K., Russell, A., Ehsani, J., Pradhan, A.K., Ouimet, M.C., Klauer, S.G., (2013) Validity of the C-RDS Self-Reported Risky Driving Measure. International Driving Symposium on Human Factors in Driver Assessment, Training, and Vehicle Design

·       Ehsani, J., Russell, A., Li, K., Perlus, J., Pradhan, A.K., Simons-Morton, B.G., (2013) Novice Teen Driver Cell Phone Use Prevalence. International Driving Symposium on Human Factors in Driver Assessment, Training, and Vehicle Design

·       Divekar, G., Pradhan, A. K., Pollatsek, A., Fisher, D. L. (2012). External Distractions: Evaluation of their effect on younger novice and experienced drivers’ behavior and vehicle control. 91st Transportation Research Board Annual Meeting, National research Council, Washington D.C.

·       Pradhan, A.K., Simons-Morton, B.G., Lee, S.E., Klauer, S.G. (2011) Hazard Perception and Distraction in Novice Drivers: Effects of 12 Months Driving Experience. Sixth International Driving Symposium on Human Factors in Driver Assessment, Training, and Vehicle Design, June 2011.

·       Taylor, T.G.G., Masserang, K.M., Pradhan, A.K., Divekar, G., Samuel, S., Muttart, J.W., Pollatsek, A., Fisher, D.L. (2011) Long Term Effects of Hazard Anticipation Training on Novice Drivers Measured on the Open Road. Sixth International Driving Symposium on Human Factors in Driver Assessment, Training, and Vehicle Design,  June 2011.

·       Pradhan, A.K., Masserang, K, Pollatsek, A., Divekar, G., Romoser, M., Reagan, I., Fisher, D.L. (2010) Training Attention Maintenance: A First Step. 89th Transportation Research Board Annual Meeting, National Research Council, Washington D.C.

·       Muttart, J., Hurwitz, D., Fisher, D.L., Pradhan, A.K., Knodler, M.A. (2010) Backing Acceleration and Response Time to an Audible Warning in a Field Test. 89th Transportation Research Board Annual Meeting, National Research Council, Washington D.C.

·       Pradhan, A.K., Masserang, K., Divekar, G., Regan, I., Thomas, F. D., Blomberg, R., Pollatsek, A., Fisher, D., (2009) Attention Maintenance in Novice Drivers - Assessment and Training. Fifth International Driving Symposium on Human Factors in Driver Assessment, Training, and Vehicle Design, Big Sky, Montana, June 2009.

·       Chan, E., Pradhan, A.K., Knodler, M. A., Pollatsek, A. and Fisher, D. L. (2008) Empirical Evaluation on a Driving Simulator of the Effect of Distractions Inside and Outside the Vehicle on Drivers’ Eye Behaviors. 87th Transportation Research Board Annual Meeting, National Research Council, Washington D.C.

·       Pradhan, A., Pollatsek, A., Fisher, D. L., (2007). Comparison of Trained and Untrained Novice Drivers' Gaze Behavior in Risky and Non-Risky Scenarios. Proceedings of the Fourth International Driving Symposium on Human Factors in Driver Assessment, Training, and Vehicle Design, Stevenson, Washington, July 2007.

·       Pradhan, A. K., Fisher, D. L. and Pollatsek, A. (2006). Risk Perception Training for Novice Drivers: Evaluating Duration of Effects on a Driving Simulator. 85th Transportation Research Board Annual Meeting CD-ROM, TRB, National Research Council, Washington, D.C.

·       Pradhan, A. K., Fisher, D. L., Pollatsek, A., Knodler, M. and Langone, M. (2006) Field Evaluation of a Risk Awareness and Perception Training Program for Younger Drivers.  Human Factors and Ergonomics Society 50th Annual Meeting, San Francisco, Oct 16-20

·       Pradhan, A. K., Fisher, D.L. and Pollatsek, A. (2005). The Effects of PC-Based Training on Novice Drivers' Risk Awareness in a Driving Simulator. 3rd International Driving Symposium on Human Factors in Driver Assessment, Training, and Vehicle Design, Rockport, Maine, June 2005.

·       Fisher, D. L., Narayanaan, V., Pradhan, A.K. and Pollatsek, A. (2004). Using Eye Movements in Driving Simulators to Evaluate Effects of PC-Based Risk Awareness Training. Proceedings of the Human Factors and Ergonomics Society 48th Annual Meeting, New Orleans, Sept 20-24, 2266-2270

·       Pradhan, A.K., Hammel, K.R., DeRamus, R., Noyce, D.A., Pollatsek, A. and Fisher, D.L. (2003). The Use of Eye Movements to Evaluate the Effects of Driver Age on Risk Perception in an Advanced Driving Simulator. 82nd Transportation Research Board Annual Meeting CD-ROM, TRB, National Research Council, Washington, D.C.

·       Fisher, D. L., Pradhan, A. K., Hammel, K. R., DeRamus, R., Noyce, D. A. and Pollatsek, A. P. (2003). Are younger drivers less able than older drivers to recognize risks on the road? Injury Insights, February/March, 1,2,7.

·       Hammel, K.R., Fisher, D.L. and Pradhan, A.K. (2002). Verbal and Spatial Loading Effects on Eye Movements in Driving Simulators: a Comparison to Real World Driving. Proceedings of the Human Factors and Ergonomics Society 46th Annual Meeting, Baltimore.

 

Invited Talks & Panels

·       “Examining Young Driver Behaviors Using Driving Simulation and Neuroimaging.” 2014 Traffic Safety Conference, San Antonio, Texas, May 2014

·       “Hazard Perception Training for Young Drivers.” 2014 Traffic Safety Conference, San Antonio, Texas, May 2014

·       Shope, J.T., Pradhan, A.K. “The use of simulator in driving evaluations and training.”  Workshop on Development of Standard Methods to Evaluate Driving Among Older Individuals. Sao Paolo, Brazil, April 2014

·       “How technology can affect teen driver behaviors”. 2014 Michigan Traffic Safety Summit, East Lansing, MI, March 2014

·       “What do we know about the association of passengers with teenage driver crash risk”. 2013 Summer Meeting of the Subcommittee on Young Driver (AND30(1)) of the Transportation Research Board, Jonsson Center, Woods Hole, MA, June 2013

·       Pradhan, A.K., Li, K., Simons-Morton, B. G., Bingham, C.R., Ouimet, M.C., Shope, J.T. “Peer Passenger Influences on Teen Drivers: Distraction and Visual Behavior.” 2013 National Meeting of the Safe States Alliance and SAVIR, Baltimore, MD, May 2013

·       “Physiological measurement of operator state and applications in vehicle engineering and research”. Panel discussion co-chair. Co-sponsored by AND10 and AND30 at TRB 2013, January 2013

·       Bingham, R. & Pradhan, A.K. “Studying social & psychological influences on young driver behavior using simulation: Methodological challenges” at TRB 2013 Human Factors workshopRecent advancements in young driver research:  New analytic approaches from recent and on-going research”, January 2013

·       Pradhan, A.K. “The Long and Winding Road? Road Safety in the Kingdom of Bhutan” at the TRB 2013 Global Road Safety Subcommittee (ANB 10(8)) Meeting, January 2013

·       Pradhan, A.K., “Measuring teenagers’ driving competencies: Using naturalistic driving data for creating a composite skill score.” 2012 Summer Meeting of the Subcommittee on Young Driver (AND30(1)) of the Transportation Research Board, Jonsson Center, Woods Hole, MA, June 2012

·       Pradhan, A. K., “The Fidelity Required for Roadway Development and Evaluation.” Simulator Users Group Workshop, "Development of Standardized Descriptions of Driving Simulator Scenarios: Human Factors Considerations" at the 84th Annual Meeting of the Transportation Research Board, Washington D.C, January 2005.

 




© Anuj Kumar Pradhan
Updated: May 2014. akp